The Philosophy Resource

Teaching resources for philosophy students and teachers

Study questions

  1. Which of the following are cases of practical knowledge and which are cases of propositional knowledge?

    John knows that there is butter in the fridge.
    Nelly knows I am running late.
    Jenny knows how to play the piano.
    Oscar knows how to count.
    James knows why Jenny did not turn up at the restaurant.
    Alexa knows the third law of thermodynamics.
    Alexa knows how to construct a differential equation.
    Sabine knows that Buttermere is in Scotland.
    I know myself.

  2. Are there any other kinds of knowledge besides propositional and practical knowledge?
  3. Is knowledge true belief?
  4. What is the tripartite analysis of knowledge?
  5. What are necessary conditions and how do they differ to sufficient conditions?
  6. What are Gettier cases?
  7. Is this a Gettier case? If so, why? And if not, why not?
    James spends hours and hours reading up on the Wars of the Roses. Very unluckily every book he reads (from a series from the same publisher) contains the misprint that the battle of Bosworth is in 1486 (instead of 1485). He is justified in believing that the battle took place in 1486, but because we suffers from such bad luck, he does not know that it did.
  8. How might you refine the tripartite analysis such that it is not vulnerable to Gettier cases?
  9. Does the addition of a modal condition to the tripartite analysis commit one to Infallibilism?
  10. What is Infallibilism? Is there anything wrong with it?
  11. Does luck come in different kinds? If so, is knowledge incompatible with only certain kinds of luck?
  12. Can there be an account of knowledge that is both fallibilist and immune to the challenge from Gettier?
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