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If you are an Aristotelian the challenge for you is to explain how there can be moral truths, if it’s impossible to think something is right without wanting it to be done.
If your views are closest to Ordinary Jo the challenge for you is to explain what’s specially bad about akrasia or weakness of will.
If you are a Humean the challenge for you is to explain how there seems to be something irrational about akrasia.
If you rate highest in the inconsistent category, it looks as if there may be a contradiction in your views. Try the test again to see if you can make your views consistent.
Can someone know that something is wrong and do it anyway?
Can someone think that something is right and not do it (without changing their mind)?
Can you want to do something, and still not do it?
Is it irrational to want not to do something, and still do it?
Is it irrational to think something is wrong, and still do it?
‘You can only think that something is wrong and do it anyway, if you do it because of some desire, which is quite a different kind of state from thoughts about right and wrong.’ Do you agree?
‘If you want something wrong, you have a want you shouldn’t have.’ Do you agree?
‘If you believe something false, you have a belief you shouldn’t have.’ Do you agree?
‘Wants are a different kind of state from beliefs.’ Do you agree?
Can you think something is right without wanting it to be done?
Suppose you have some whisky in front of you. Could you both want to drink it and want not to drink it at the same time?
Look at the following image:
The two horizontal lines are the same length, but look to be different lengths because of the chevrons added to them. When you look at them do you think that they are the same length and that they are not the same length at the same time?
Can the same person have contradictory beliefs at the same time?
If you both want something and want not to have it at the same time, do you have contradictory desires?
‘The only thing wrong with wanting to go outside and wanting to stay inside at the same time is that it’s physically impossible to go outside and stay inside at the same time.’ Do you agree?
‘When people do what they think is wrong, their moral judgements are typically blocked or overwhelmed by a kind of force, which is neither rational nor irrational, but non-rational, which we call desire.’ Do you agree?
Are there moral truths?
A says: I like curry. B says: I don’t. Do they disagree?
A says: That curry was tasty. B says: It was too hot. Do they disagree?
A says: That was a terrible thing to do. B says: I think it was courageous and deeply moral. Do they disagree?
‘If two people disagree over something, at least one of them must be wrong.’ Do you agree?
‘The only thing wrong with being cruel when you know you shouldn’t be is that it’s wrong to be cruel.’ Do you agree?